The Ford C1 platform (for "compact class") is Ford's global compact car automobile platform. It replaces Ford C170 platform and Mazda's BJ platform. The C1 platform debuted with the European Ford Focus C-Max compact MPV in early 2004. The platform is designed for either front- or all wheel drive.
The C platform was designed in the Ford development center at Europe Cologne, Germany, as the "C Technologies Program". It was said to be one of the largest platform programs in history at that time. The Ford Focus, Volvo S40 and V50, and Mazda3 (BK & BL) share about 60 percent of their parts and components. Thirty engineers each from Ford, Mazda, and Volvo worked in Cologne for two years to combine the compact car engineering for all three automakers under the direction of Ford Director of C Technologies Derrick Kuzak, Ford of Europe vice president of product development.
The C1 platform has been stretched creating the EUCD for use in future Volvo vehicles.
Among all of the cars, the floorpan is different, but the front- and rear-subframes, suspension, steering, braking, safety, and some electrical components are shared.
Vehicles using this platform include the following:
- 2003â"2010 first generation Ford Focus C-Max (C214), first European vehicle on this platform
- 2003â"2008 Mazda Axela/Mazda 3 (BK) (Note: production continued in China through 2013)
- 2004â"2012 Volvo S40 II (P11)
- 2004â"2012 Volvo V50 (P12)
- 2005â"2010 Ford Focus (second generation, Europe) (C307), (Note: the Ford Focus (North America) continued on the C170 platform through 2011)
- 2005â"2010 Mazda Premacy/Mazda 5 (BK) (and related Ford i-Max)
- 2006â"2013 Volvo C70 II (P15)
- 2007â"2013 Volvo C30 (P14)
- 2008â"2012 Ford Kuga (C394)
- 2008â"2013 Mazda Biante
Global C platform
The C1 platform has been replaced by the Global C platform (or C-car) and combines three previous platforms as part of Ford's "One Ford" efficiency drive.
Ford global C platform vehicles:
- 2011â"present second generation Ford C-Max (C344) and Grand C-Max
- 2012â"present Ford Focus
- 2015â"present Ford Escort (China)
- 2013â"present Ford Escape / Ford Kuga (C520)
- 2013â"present Ford Transit Connect
- 2015â"present Lincoln MKC
Vehicles partially based on global C platform:
- 2009â"2013 Mazda Axela/Mazda3 (J68/BL)
- 2010â"2015 Mazda Premacy/Mazda5 (BL)
- 2012â"present Volvo V40 II